Frequent Terms Explained
T-shirt manufacturers use many phrases to explain their merchandise. The phrases usually are not at all times consistent and it helps to have a reference information.
The next is the official Green Man T-Shirts Guide to understanding t-shirt terms:
20s, 20/1, 20s single: Unit of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton thread. An ordinary spool of single-ply cotton thread is comprised of 840 yards of cotton thread. If it takes 20 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is referred to as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. If it takes 40 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 40s cotton, or 40/1. The higher quantity means a finer thread, and thus a finer, softer fabric is created. T-shirts manufactured from 30s and 40s are softer, finer, and have better drape than t-shirts made of 20s. The phrases are used many ways, however it is the number that counts; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the identical. Threads will be twisted together into thicker strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads had been twisted collectively, it could be referred to as 20/2.
Bamboo Fabric: Rayon made from bamboo cellulose. Although rayon is a man-made synthetic material, most experts agree it is readily biodegradable. Bamboo fabric is extremely gentle and has excellent drape.
Bamboo: Quick growing plant, categorised as a grass, which might be readily processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothing.
Bleach Wash: A process that makes use of bleach to soften and distress the look of the fabric being washed.
Boat Neck: A really wide neckline that runs across the collarbone space to the shoulder points. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, where the broad neck enabled quick elimination if the sailor fell overboard.
Boy Beater: Girls’s fashion reply to the spouse beater. A ladies’s tank top, although it may be any shade.
Brushed Cotton: A method to remove excess lint and fibers from cotton fabric. Brushed cotton normally has a very comfortable, smooth finish.
Burn-Out: A process that uses sulfuric acid or other robust acid to “burn-out” components of a fabric knit, normally a polyester/cotton blend. The process provides a see-by way of, very sheer effect.
Cap Sleeves: Normally refers to shorter sleeves on ladies’s garments.
Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Often called a “greenhouse” fuel due to its relationship with international warming. A number of t-shirt manufacturers are now measuring and recording the CO2 emissions concerned in manufacturing their shirts.
Carbon Belief: Unbiased organization based in 2001 in Nice Britain that monitors carbon emissions. The Carbon Belief works with corporations to help scale back their carbon footprint, and now certifies firms and products as having a “low carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. A couple of t-shirt firms now manufacture “low carbon footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleansing course of that eliminates short fibers and removes dirt and foreign matter. Carding may be completed by hand or by giant machines utilizing drum rollers. Carded-only cotton shouldn’t be as fascinating as combed cotton.
Cellulase Wash: Another name for enzyme wash. This offers fabric a gentle really feel and a vintage look, relying on how the wash is completed.
Cellulose: Derived from the cell partitions of sure plants. Useful in making sure forms of fabrics, including acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo fabric is definitely rayon made from bamboo cellulose.
Cheap Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made with carded cotton, using 18/1 thread, often knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, rough, and have poor drapability. Used typically as cheap promotional give-aways.
Local weather Impartial: A term used to describe an organization, course of, or product that has zero influence on the Earth’s local weather. A couple of t-shirt manufacturers promote their firm as local weather neutral.
CO2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Often known as a “greenhouse” fuel due to its relationship with international warming.
Colorfastness: The ability of a garment to withstand multiple washings without shedding its coloration.
Combed Cotton: A technique to take away short fibers and to arrange longer fibers parallel to create a clean, fine cotton yarn. Combed cotton has high power, glorious uniformity, and higher hand. Combed cotton prices more and is used in finer t-shirts.
Compacting: A process that compacts the space between cotton fiber pockets. Helps to cut back shrinking.
Contrasting Stitching: Stitching with a special colour than the garment. Offers a nice design element in t-shirts.
Control Union: A global organization that provides certification providers for a variety of programs–including many organic certification programs. Certifies USDA Natural, as well as GOTS (International Natural Textile Normal).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very barely stretchy fabric with a clean flat face and a more textured but uniform back. Average weight per yard is about 5.5 to 6 ounces. Basic t-shirts are made from cotton jersey. Nice cotton jersey is normally smoother and has a lighter weight per yard.
Cotton: A natural fiber that’s the most well-liked on the planet for fabrics. Cotton fibers are often ½ to 2 inches long. Longer fibers produce finer cotton fabric. Varieties equivalent to Pima and Egyptian, which characteristic fibers exceeding 1.5 inches, are extra highly valued than unusual varieties.
Crew Neck: A round close-fitting neckline. Most typical neck on t-shirts.
Crop High: A shirt with a short body to it; made to expose the midriff area.
Double-Needle Stitched: Used mostly on sleeve/bottom hems and refers to a parallel row of stitching. One of these stitching gives durability and a cleaner, extra finished look.
Drape, Drapability: Refers to how a fabric hangs. A fabric like bamboo rayon has wonderful drape, whereas a coarse fabric like burlap has very little. T-shirts that have good drape qualities really feel nicer to wear.
Drop Tail: A garment that features a longer again than entrance.
Eco-Friendly: Extraordinarily free time period that refers to a product’s “greenness.” Almost useless in realistically assessing a product. Favorite time period utilized by green washers.
Egyptian Cotton: Cotton produced in Egypt and valued for its lengthy length of fiber. Apparel made with true Egyptian cotton is prized for its softness and fineness.
Environmental Justice Basis: A registered charity established in 2000 to help people who undergo most from environmental abuses comparable to pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and soil destruction. Particularly energetic in curbing abuses in cotton farming.
Enzyme Washed: A wash process utilizing particular enzymes to provide a smooth finish and easy look to a fabric. Ages dyes to create a particular look to dyed fabrics. Enzyme washing is physically much less harsh on the fabric in comparison with stone washing.
European Cut: A method of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one usually finds. For instance, a full cut males’s t-shirt, dimension large, normally runs 22 inches across the chest (measured one inch below the sleeve). A men’s giant European lower will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, sometimes more.
Fabric Dyed: Fabric dyed before being lower and sewn right into a completed piece of clothes.
Honest Labor Association: A nonprofit organization devoted to ending sweatshop situations in factories worldwide. Works to develop Code of Labor Practices, especially important in the apparel business where working circumstances have traditionally been so poor.
Honest Wear Basis: An international group devoted to enhancing garment employees’ lives everywhere in the world. Works with corporations that produce clothing and different sewn products and that take duty for their provide chain.
Fantastic Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very barely stretchy fabric with a easy flat face and a more textured however uniform again. Fine cotton jersey is often smoother and has a lighter weight per yard than regular cotton jersey. T-shirts made with superb cotton jersey have a better drape and really feel than common t-shirts. Usually made with 30s and better cotton thread, and weighs about four.3 ounces per sq. yard.
Fitted Lower: Definitions range, but generally a fitted reduce refers to a reduce that flatters the physique. Used typically in women’s t-shirts, the center part of the shirt shall be tighter than the highest or bottom. Total, the shirts run narrower than a primary full lower.
Full Reduce: A generous, roomy lower. In t-shirts, tubular styles are typically thought of full-cut, but there are exceptions. Full Cut differs from the slimmer European Cuts, Slim Cuts, and Fitted Cuts.
Garment Dyed: Clothes dyed after it has been reduce and sewn into a finished article of clothing.
Garment Washed: A process where finished articles of clothes are washed, usually with added softeners to improve the feel and look of the fabric.
GMO Free: GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organisms. First used in the 1990s when consumers turned apprehensive about genetically modified meals. Many corporations now apply the GMO free label on every part from meals to pure fabrics, like cotton.
GOTS: Stands for Global Natural Textile Customary. A challenge of the Worldwide Working Group. They have developed standards to make sure organic status of textiles, from the harvesting, manufacturing, and labeling, so as to provide a credible assurance to the end consumer. An organic t-shirt that meets the requirements can be GOTS certified.
Inexperienced: Generic term utilized by advertising and marketing gurus to advertise merchandise. One other favourite term of “inexperienced-washers,” who’re hopping on the environmental bandwagon with none actual dedication.
Inexperienced-Washing: Take off on the term “white-washing,” pink stone island jumoer but in an environmental context. Firms that inexperienced-wash are paying lip-service to environmental considerations to draw more enterprise, but haven’t taken any actual steps to be environmentally accountable.
Hand: The best way a fabric feels to the contact. A fabric that feels soft and easy is taken into account to have an excellent hand.
Hemp Fabric: Hemp, or Cannabis sativa, has been used for fabric for hundreds of years, principally as an industrial fabric. Newer processing methods have made it suitable for finer clothes, and now it’s used in lots of clothing articles, together with t-shirts. Hemp is valued for its energy and sturdiness.
Henley T-Shirt: Just like a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt featuring 2 or 3 buttons (sometimes up to 5 buttons are used, however that is uncommon). A Henley could be either short or lengthy sleeved.
Ice Wash: A method of stone washing where the stones are first soaked in an answer of potassium permanganate. This method produces a frosted appearance to fabric.
Interlock Knit: A type of knit that is very delicate and has an excellent drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, more stretchy than Jersey knit, but much less stretchy than rib knit. Used in very fine garments.
Jersey Knit: Commonly found in t-shirts and is probably the most durable of knits. It’s light weight, and has fantastic vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was named after the British Island within the English Channel. High-quality cotton Jersey refers to Jersey Knit made with high-quality cotton threads comparable to 30s and 40s.
Knit: Defines how the interlocking loops of yarn that make up fabric had been made. There are numerous types of knits. Jersey Knit is commonly found in t-shirts and is essentially the most durable of knits. It is mild weight, and has superb vertical ribs. On the other hand, rib knits have heavy ribs running down the fabric, while interlock knits are utilized in very fine fabrics. T-shirt collars are often rib knit.
Muscle Shirt: Sleeveless fashion t-shirt, but not exactly a tank prime. Fundamental t-shirt, just without the sleeves. The shoulder strap portion is far wider than an extraordinary tank top.
Neck Tape: A thin strip of fabric sewn over the seam working throughout the shoulders and neck area. It covers the seam and appears higher than an uncovered stitch. Also known as “shoulder to shoulder taped.”
OekoTek 100: Certification from the International Oeko-Tex® Association, which assures customers that the apparel they buy is chemical free and poses no threat to their well being. Below the Oeko-Tex commonplace, clothes must be freed from formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and other toxic chemicals.
Organic Apparel: A time period very loosely utilized in the garment industry. It might imply anything from a hundred% natural to as little as 6% organic. Typically mixed with phrases like Eco-Friendly, Inexperienced, and so on. Consumers should test the labels and verify the supplies used to see if one thing is really organic or not.
Natural Cotton: Cotton grown without using pesticides. Certified natural cotton has been inspected to insure it truly is natural.
Natural Soil Association: Based in 1946 by a group of farmers, scientists and nutritionists concerned about the connection between farming practices and plant, animal, human, and environmental well being. The Organic Soil Affiliation pioneered the primary natural requirements in 1967, and certifies farms and companies that meet those standards.
Overdyed: A course of the place beforehand dyed garments or fabrics are dyed with an additional colour to create a singular look.
Performance T: Identify for t-shirts manufactured for athletes and outside fanatics. Performance Ts are characterized by their breathability, moisture wicking, fast drying, and odor control capabilities. Many performance Ts are polyester/cotton blends, or can be 100% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, resulting from their absorbency and wicking properties, have become often known as performance t-shirts, though they don’t dry as quick as efficiency t-shirts manufactured from a hundred% polyester.
PFD: Stands for Ready For Dyeing. Bought this technique to t-shirt customizers who want to create their own look with dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A type of dye that creates a washed out, distressed look.
Pima Cotton: A cotton developed in the U.S. within the early 1900s to compete with Egyptian cotton. It options longer fibers and is used typically in fine males’s and ladies’s shirts. The name Pima comes from the Pima Indians, who helped with the first crops of the brand new cotton as it was first grown within the U.S.
Pique: A method of knitting that creates a waffle-type, high quality textured floor. Used usually in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-made fiber manufactured from artificial polymers. Used broadly in apparel, especially combined with cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: Refers back to the process of pre-shrinking fabric earlier than it’s lower and sewn. Often it refers to an precise finished garment that has been preshrunk. Clothing that has been preshrunk shrinks less as soon as the purchaser washes it. Preshrunk cotton t-shirts will nonetheless shrink a bit, nonetheless, particularly if dried using a clothes dryer.
Raglan T-Shirt: Type of t-shirt that includes sleeves that run directly to the collar. Usually the sleeves are a contrasting shade from the body. Raglan sleeves are wider beneath the arms, and are preferred by wearers who want maximum freedom of movement. Baseball t-shirts normally feature a raglan sleeve type.
Rayon: Man-made fiber that makes use of plant cellulose as its fundamental ingredient. Rayon may be very comfortable, has excellent drape, and is very absorbent. Initially developed as a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Characterized by heavy vertical ribs working down the fabric. Rib knits are normally labeled as 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This lets you already know the width of the rib in comparison with the space between. For example, a 1×1 rib knit or a 2×2 rib knit means the area between each rib is similar width because the ribs. But a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are twice as extensive as the spaces in between. Rib knit could be very stretchy and is usually used for t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.
Ring Spun: Refers to yarn pink stone island jumoer made by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The continuous spinning leads to a softer feel and stronger yarn. Ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably softer to the touch.
Ringer T: A t-shirt with colored sleeve bands and matching crew neck. Most ringers are white, with the armband sleeves and crew necks in various colors.
Sand Wash: Refers to using sand whereas washing a garment or fabric to soften and distress it.
Satin Washed: Another term for silicone washed, which produces a really clean and mushy end to fabric, and likewise provides the fabric good draping properties.
Scoop Neck: Extensive, gently curved neckline that varies in depth. Favored in ladies’s shirts.
Sheer Jersey: Very mild weight jersey knit, weighing about 3.9 ounces per yard. Slightly stretchier than fantastic jersey.
Shoulder to Shoulder Tape: A thin strip of fabric sewn over the seam operating across the shoulders and neck area. It covers the seam and appears higher than an uncovered stitch.
Shrinkage: Often refers to cotton apparel and the quantity it may be anticipated to shrink. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, however 4-5% shrinkage can nonetheless be anticipated.
Side Seamed: Refers to shirts with a seam operating down at every side below the arm sleeves to the bottom hem. Aspect seamed t-shirts are costlier to manufacture.
Silicone Washed: Refers to utilizing inert silicone in a washing course of. Produces a really clean and gentle end to fabric, and likewise provides the fabric good draping properties.
Singlet: another term for a males’s tank high.
Slim Minimize: A style of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one usually finds. For instance, a full reduce men’s t-shirt, dimension massive, normally runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured one inch under the sleeve). A slim cut will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, sometimes more.
Stonewashed: A washing process that makes use of lava rocks or typically silicon and rubber balls. This technique makes fabric softer and offers it an aged or distressed look. Sometimes bleach is used on this course of.
Tank Top: T-Shirt characterized by skinny shoulder straps and no sleeves. The title got here from the early term for swimming pools: swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not precise “tape,” but a thin strip of fabric sewn over the seam operating across the shoulders and neck space of t-shirts. It covers the seam and looks better than an exposed stitch.
Tubular Type:A method that has no aspect seams; the body of the t-shirt is round and straight. Tubular t-shirts are cheaper to manufacture, and make up the bulk of the cheaper t-shirts.
Unisex T-Shirt: No commonplace definition exists for a unisex t-shirt, but typically speaking a unisex t-shirt is product of lighter weight, positive cotton jersey, side seamed, and not cut as full as a daily men’s t-shirt. The sleeves usually are not further brief, like cap sleeves, however usually are not full elbow lengths both. The body length is normally medium/lengthy. Nevertheless, there are huge variations in unisex t-shirts, depending on the producer.
Uzbekistan: Former U.S.S.R. satellite tv for pc that grew to become unbiased in 1991 and is infamous for its cotton manufacturing strategies, which embody forced little one labor and environmentally destructive practices. Ethical apparel companies boycott Uzbekistan cotton; however, many companies do not care and have refused to affix in the boycott because Uzbekistan cotton is low cost.
V -Neck: Inverted triangle style of neckline. Could be deep or shallow, relying on the style. Usually favored by women, but a shallow style v-neck is fashionable amongst males.
Viscose: Sometimes another name for rayon, as in viscose rayon.
Weight: Often expressed ounces per sq. yard. A 5.5 ounce weight cotton fabric implies that one square yard will weigh 5.5 ounces. Positive jersey cotton fabrics normally have lighter weights, whereas coarser cotton fabrics have heavier weights.
Spouse Beater: Derogatory term for a males’s tank high t-shirt. Often refers to a basic white tank high.
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